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Biofuels growth can take place sustainably, report shows

Agriculture.com Staff 11/21/2006 @ 1:37pm

A new report from the Biotechnology Industry Organization released Tuesday details the potential of cellulosic biomass as an energy resource and the promise of no-till cropping for greater residue collection.

"Achieving Sustainable Production of Agricultural Biomass for Biorefinery Feedstock" also proposes guidelines and incentives to encourage farmers to produce, harvest and deliver sufficient feedstock to the growing biorefinery and biofuels industry in an economically and environmentally sustainable way.

"As we approach the Thanksgiving travel season, Americans should feel confident that U.S. farmers can produce both abundant supplies of food for people and animals and environmentally responsible biofuels for transportation," said Jim Greenwood, president and CEO of BIO, which sponsored the report.

The report examines considerations for sustainable harvesting of agricultural residues -- such as corn stover and cereal straws -- expected to be the near-term feedstocks for biorefineries. It also discusses the expected economic benefits for individual farmers who invest in the practices and equipment needed for sustainable harvests of these feedstocks. It further points out the need for infrastructure to deliver feedstocks from farms to biorefineries.

"For the biofuel industry to expand, biorefinery operators must be confident that the supply chain for cellulosic feedstocks is robust, and farmers must be assured that they will benefit by adopting sustainable harvesting practices," says James Hettenhaus of CEA Inc., author of the report. "As the biorefinery industry creates markets for crop residues, farmers will be more motivated to adopt practices that allow them to collect these residues while maintaining soil quality and controlling erosion. Recent successes have spurred an increase in adoption of no-till cultivation, but improved information is needed to convince farmers of the benefits."

A new report from the Biotechnology Industry Organization released Tuesday details the potential of cellulosic biomass as an energy resource and the promise of no-till cropping for greater residue collection.

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