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Brazil Braces for Grain Logjams . . . Again

  • Brazil 2014 soybean harvest

    With Brazil's 2014 soybean harvest 30% complete, the country's infrastructure system is about to be tested again. The world is watching to see if Brazil has trouble transporting an expected record-large soybean crop to major exporting ports. Luis Vieira, a Brazilian freelance writer for Agriculture.com, is finding cracks in the transportation system already.

  • Brazil 2014 soybean harvest

    In 2013, a typical image was the Brazilian ports' traffic jam of trucks. That scene is repeating in Paranaguá, Paraná, the most important grain shipping compound in the country.

  • Brazil 2014 soybean harvest

    Since last year, the grain industry has tried to improve shipping from Mato Grosso through the ports of the South (Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul) and the North (Santarém, Pará, then using the Panama canal). The photo shows a railway that goes to the Paranaguá port.

  • Brazil 2014 soybean harvest

    All port authorities including Paranaguá have tried different ways to improve logistics. Truckers now must have the contracts registered before they go to the port.

  • Brazil 2014 soybean harvest

    In 2013, waiting hours for truckers in Paranaguá have lasted an average of eight hours. The goal is now to reduce that time to six or four hours.

  • Brazil 2014 soybean harvest

    The port of Paranaguá has purchased four new ship loaders.

  • Brazil 2014 soybean harvest

    The ship loaders are only temporary, however. The loaders will be installed from October to September.

  • Brazil 2014 soybean harvest

    Through Paranaguá, grain exports have reached 7 million tons last year. In 2014, the port is expected to ship 9 to 11 million tons.

  • Brazil 2014 soybean harvest

    The Brazilian ports will have to be able to ship 25 million tons of soybeans in the next three months (March, April, and May). That's the expected amount of exports for the Brazilian Association of Industry of Vegetable Oil.

  • Brazil 2014 soybean harvest

    The total amount of soybean exports is 45 million tons for 2014.

  • Brazil 2014 soybean harvest

    The volume of corn exported might be 28 million tons. In 2009, there was already a surplus of grains produced in the center-west of 38 million tons that should be shipped in Southern Brazil. Last year, the volume went up to 61 million tons, and that number might repeat itself.

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