Attacking ag's danger zone
Phil Winborn has farmed long enough to earn ag veteran's benefits. At 66, the Kalona, Iowa, farmer is the beneficiary of phenomenal advances in production and technology that have transformed the business of agriculture.
But Winborn knows that agriculture also has a soft underbelly – a less-than-spectacular record of improving safety for farmers and their families. Farms remain mired in a danger zone, characterized by a stubbornly high fatality rate of 25 to 30 fatalities per 100,000.
“Over time, I've learned that safety is an attitude,” Winborn says. “You have to keep working at it.”
A few years ago, he buried overhead power lines and disconnected knob-and-tube wiring in the old barn. He's enlisted technology to install wireless video cameras on his grain cart, planter, and tractor.
Recently, Winborn decided it was time to kick it up a notch and take a more systematic approach. Encouraged by his son, Andy, 40, he agreed to schedule a Certified Safe Farm (CSF) review.
CSF is a voluntary agricultural health, safety, and wellness program developed in 1996. One component is an on-farm review to identify and remove hazards, and to provide personalized safety tips. To date, over 600 farms have participated.
“Our research indicates better CSF scores are related to reduced illnesses and serious injuries, resulting in lower medical costs,” says Kelley Donham, director of Iowa Center for Agricultural Safety and Health (I-Cash), University of Iowa.
The program is not related to any regulatory agency, and the CSF score is completely confidential. (See sidebar on page 52 to learn how to apply for a free review and a $2,500 grant.)
Winborn's review was conducted by the CSF program at I-Cash. The CSF coalition includes North Carolina Agromedicine Institute; New York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health; National Farm Medicine Center in Wisconsin; and Central States Center for Agricultural Safety and Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center.
“We're working to create a framework to help standardize our evaluation tools, and, at the same time, address the regional needs of farmers,” Donham says.
LaMar Grafft, I-Cash rural health and safety specialist, and a former farmer, conducted the Winborns' review.
Safety for the Winborns, like most farmers, is a multigenerational priority. Andy and his family moved back to Iowa one year ago. He handles the precision agriculture and helps with planting, harvesting, and equipment maintenance.
After growing up away from the farm, his children, Megan, 15, Scott, 11, and Lauren, 8, enjoy spending time there.
Grafft spent about 2½ hours at the Winborns. He gave their operation a passing grade but left them a safety to-do list.
His review started with machinery in the 60×96-foot shed. Two field tractors were equipped with flashers but were missing the Iowa-required SMV emblems.
The tractors lacked a good anchor for SMVs, but Winborn agreed to try to add brackets and then attach the SMVs.