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2011 crop insurance policy changes
The new Common Crop Insurance Policy, often called COMBO, simplifies and streamlines the number of crop insurance choices for 2011.
There will now be one master policy, with several options.
Instead of a different policy for each type of insurance, there will now be one master policy with several options:
- Yield protection
- Revenue protection
- Revenue protection with Harvest Price Exclusion
Option #1 - Yield Protection
Yield Protection (YP) is equivalent to the old Actual Production History (APH) policy. Yield Protection establishes a guarantee based on the APH yield. A major change from the old APH policy is that the indemnity price used to calculate the payment in the event of a loss is now the same as the price used for revenue insurance policies. Previously, RMA set the indemnity price using a projected price that tended to be less than the futures price average used for revenue policies.
For spring-planted crops beginning in 2011, the average closing futures price for each day during the month of February will be used. The corn price is based on the December Chicago Mercantile Exchange contract, while the November contract is used for soybeans. Farmers can choose to use 55% to 100% of this price for the indemnity price at which yield losses are paid. Naturally, choosing a higher price and higher levels of yield protection will result in a higher premium.
As the name implies, a yield loss must be incurred first before an indemnity payment is triggered. While premiums are much lower than the revenue products, the likelihood of collecting an indemnity payment is much less.
Catastrophic level yield coverage (CAT) is still available for a cost of $300 per crop. The guarantee is 50% of the APH yield, and losses are paid at 55% of the indemnity price.
Option #2 - Revenue Protection
Revenue Protection (RP) can also be chosen by a farmer. Revenue Protection is equivalent to the old Crop Revenue Coverage (CRC) and the Revenue Assurance with the Harvest Price Option (RA-HPO).
Revenue Protection guarantees the insured farmer a minimum number of dollars of gross revenue per acre. The yield used to set the guarantee is the same as the APH yield used for Yield Protection, and the price is the same as February futures price. The guarantee is the product of these two values, times the level of guarantee selected (from 65% to 85%).
If the average Chicago Board of Trade price for the relevant contracts during the month of October is higher than the February price, the guarantee is increased, based on the October price. The October price is also used to calculate the “actual” revenue. Approximately 85% of the insured corn and soybean acres in Iowa in 2010 were covered with this type of policy.
Option #3: Revenue Protection with Harvest Price Exclusion
Revenue Protection with Harvest Price Exclusion (RPE) is a third option you have. It is equivalent to the former basic Revenue Assurance (RA) policy. With this option, the guarantee does not increase even if the October price is higher than the February price. Consequently, premiums will be lower for RPE than RP.
The accompanying table summarizes the old and new terminology. Current policies will automatically be converted to the corresponding policy options for 2011 unless the farmer requests a change.
Previously, CRC and RA used different procedures volatility factors in the month of February each year. In some years, RA-HPO was cheaper than CRC, and in other years, CRC was cheaper, despite the fact that they offered essentially the same coverage. Under the new Common Crop Insurance Policy, only one set of premiums will be offered.
Group Risk Policies
Three insurance options based on county yields instead of individual farm yields are still available—Group Risk Plan (GRP), Group Revenue Insurance Plan (GRIP) and Group Revenue Insurance Plan with Harvest Price Option (GRIP-HPO). Group risk policies undergo very few changes for 2011 and have not been used widely across much of the Corn Belt.