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What to Feed Goats

Among all the ruminants, goats are
only the animals which can eat and consume almost all types of food. So,
if you are planning for starting goat farming business, then you don't
have to think much about what to feed goat. Because you can raise goats
by providing them all types of natural, home or commercially formulated
goat feed. Nowadays goat farming is becoming very popular because of
it's multifunctional utility. We can get many goat products like meat,
milk, skins, fiber, manner etc. from them. But the profitable production
from goat farming business mostly depends on proper feed supply and
management systems. Proper feed management includes providing nutritious
food, vitamins, minerals, energy, protein etc. So, before starting goat
farming business it is a must to learn about how to and what to feed goat. Read flowing step by step goat feed management system.

It
is very necessary to make a pasture for your goats, where they can
browse freely and eat food from there. By browsing pasture, your goats
will remain healthy and will get sufficient and necessary food elements
like energy and protein. Natural food from pasture also helps the goats
increasing the tastiness and digestibility of other foods. A pasture
with natural plants and grasses like millet, Sudan grasses, Bahia
grasses, grain grass mixture, clover, sorghum etc. are very healthy and
effective for goats production and health. In pasture if the goats can
browse freely then it will help them to keep free from various internal
and external parasitical diseases.

Hay
is another important source of goat nutrition, especially in winter
seasons. Feed your goats mold free qualified grasses based hay. You can
also feed your goats weedy hay because it is very cheap and contain a
large amount of necessary nutrition. There are various types of hays are
available. Among those lespedeza, alfalfa and clover hays are highly
enriched in protein and some other essential nutrients.

Presence
of vitamins and minerals in goat feed is a must. Because, vitamins and
minerals keeps the goat productive and help them preventing various
types of diseases. They need a lot of vitamins and minerals ingredients
in their food. Some feed elements like phosphorus, salt and calcium are
very useful minerals for goats. You can provide a premix of loose
minerals, because goats prefer that very much. For proper growth and
production, they also need some vitamins like Vitamin A, D, and E. So,
while feeding your goats, be sure that all those elements are available
in their regular and daily food.

If
sufficient natural goat feed is not available in your location then you
can feed your goat 12% to 16% grainy formulated food to your goats. You
should provide creep and complementary feeding to the kids. Grain is a
great source of carbons and protein. Rye, oats, moil, corn, barley etc.
are cereal grains and highly enriched with carbon, and energy. Cottons
meal, soybean meal, fish meal and some other protein supplements
formulated from animals and plants are suitable source of protein for
goats.

By raising goats
you can proper utilize your garden and kitchen scraps. Generally garden
and kitchen scraps are used in compositors purpose. But by raising
goats you can use those scraps as their feed. Goats will happily eat all
those scraps. Some general garden and kitchen scraps like banana peels,
orange peels, tomato, garlic skins other vegetables and fruit cutting
etc. are very suitable food that you can feed your goats. Goats don't
eat some elements like eggs shells, fish cutting etc. Instead you can
feed such products to your chickens and ducks.

As
goats are ruminants, they eat almost all types of food which they find
in front to them. Even they have interest in papers and can eat or
consume papers. But feeding any types of paper may harm their health,
because paper contain some chemicals. While browsing goats may find
cigarette or cigarette butts, which is also very harmful their health.
Some producers feed their goats dogs or cats feed. As dogs or cats are
totally different form goats and their nature. So, feeding your goats
such food may causes serious health problems. Besides those foods, there
are some other foods also which are very harmful for goats health like
nightshade, crotalaria, poke weed, peach leaves, plum leaves etc.

Some Tips For Feeding Your Goats:

  • Before feeding, determine the health condition of your goats.
  • Store the feeds in safe place for keeping the food value intact.
  • While storing, never let the feeds being vermin, damp or contaminated.
  • Always try to feed your goats in hygienic ways.
  • In case of feeding hay, always try to feed high and good quality hay.
  • Be sure that, the half of your goat diet is coming from forage.
  • Ensure adequate vitamins, green feed ingredients and minerals in goat feed. Because it is the key to be successful in goat farming.
  • Never change the food habit of goat suddenly. If needed try to change gradually.
  • Ensure colostrum for newly born kids.
  • Keep the formulated food far from the goats.
  • Always provide your goats sufficient clean and fresh water according to their demands.
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