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Canada's Cockshutt tractors
Cockshutt, a Canadian horsepower company based out of Brantford, Ontario, enjoyed a long prosperous history beginning in 1928 selling tractors not only in Canada, but across the US and overseas. Cockshutt made history in 1946 by coming out with the first “built-by-them” tractors to offer an independent PTO. In 1976 Cockshutt would cease to exist.
The lithe model 20 was one of a series of tractors Cockshutt introduced in the mid-1940s that were built entirely by the Cockshutt organization. The 20 packed a four cylinder Continential power plant which cranked out 20 drawbar horsepower at a rated 1,800 rpm. Hydraulic power and a PTO were optional equipment on this tractor.
Until the Cockshutt 30 was introduced in 1946, PTO shafts would stop dead whenever the transmission was disengaged. The Cockshutt 30, however, offered an independent PTO that ran directly off the engine and through its own clutch.
Cockshutt 35 Deluxe
By the 1950s, manufacturers were well aware of farmers’ needs for car-like “creature comforts” such as soft-ride seats, power steering and radios and thus began equipping tractors with these features. Powered by a 152-cu.-in. Hercules 4-cylinder engine, the model 35 provided 6 forward and 2 reverse speeds. Listed for $3,065 when introduced, only 1,850 Model 35s were built from 1956 to 1958.
In 1950, Cockshutt introduced the Model 40 as an expansion of a line of tractors in response to their popular Model 30. The tractor used a 230 cu. in. Buda, six-cylinder, I-head engine rated at 1,650 rpm. The engine created 38 drawbar and 43 belt horsepower. Available features included an adjustable rear axle, electric starter, hydraulics and lights.
Cockshutt 40 Black Hawk
The 40 Blackhawk was basically a Model 40 with a different paint job and the Black Hawk name on its side. This particular 40 Blackhawk is famous for the fact that it was given by Cockshutt to President Eisenhower for use on his Gettysburg, Pennsylvanian, farm.
Cockshutt (Oliver) 60
This tractor was an Oliver Model 60 in all aspects except for color. The tractor was powered by an Oliver-built, four-cylinder I-head engine that generated 131/2-drawbar hp. A four-speed transmission offered speeds from 21⁄2 to 6 mph. Cockshutt offered the tractor in either standard tread or row-crop models equipped with rubber or steel wheels.
Cockshutt (Oliver) 70
If you think the Cockshutt 70 looks identical to the Oliver 70, you would be right. Oliver started building tractors for sale in Canada by Cockshutt starting in 1930. When Oliver introduced their sleek Model 70, it was painted red and sent north for distribution under the Cockshutt name. The Cockshutt 708 was offered in steel wheels or rubber tires and in a standard front axle and orchard model.
Cockshutt (Oliver) 80
Prior to manufacturing their own tractor line, Cockshutt had Oliver Corporation build tractors for them. The Cockshutt 80 was offered in 1937 but not adorned with the fancy sheet metal styling seen in the Cockshutt-Oliver 60 or 70. The 80 operated with an Oliver four-cylinder engine that turned out a maximum 41-drawbar horsepower.
The Model 540 was the baby of the powerful Cockshutt 500 series tractors sold in the late 1950s. Cockshutt Farm Machinery Co. modernized its tractor line in 1958 by introducing the models 540, 550, 560, and 570.
This rare Model 580, the one and only 580 built as an experimental tractor, and was to be introduced as part of the 500 series expansion. At this time, however, Cockshutt was acquired by White Motor Company, which shelved the innovative 580. The tractor utilized a 100-horsepower Perkins 534 cubic inch four-cylinder diesel engine.
In 1952 Cockshutt struck a deal with the National Farm Machinery Cooperative (NFMC). This organization was composed of 10 member states of the U.S. Farm Bureau. The arrangement had Cockshutt delivering Model 30s to the NFMC coated in the Farm Bureau orange paint scheme and baring a “Co-op E-3” decal on its hood.
Co-op E-3 (continued)
NFMC later added the Cockshutt Models 20 (with an E-2 decal), 40 (E-4 decal), and 50 (E-5 decal) to their line respectively introduced in 1952, 1949, and 1952. To increase market share, Cockshutt also built the tractor for Canadian Cooperative Implements Limited (CCIL). These CCIL tractors were also painted orange and labeled with a “C.C.I.L. E-3” logo.
Gambles Farmcrest 30
Cockshutt collaborated with the U.S. department store line, Gamble-Skogmo to build the Gambles-Farmcrest 30 that was identical to the Cockshutt Model 30 in every way, except for its Gambles Farmcrest logo.
Here is a sampling of Cockshutt tractors built over the years. (text by Dave Mowitz)