USDA seen lowering corn output
Analysts expect U.S. government forecasters to trim their estimate of the size of last year's corn crop, while increasing their estimate of soybean production.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture at noon EST Friday will release key crop reports, including final estimates of the U.S. corn and soybean harvests, the size of domestic grain and soybean inventories as of Dec. 1, and forecasts for grain and soybean inventories this year.
Grain traders will closely watch the figures, which could cause significant price swings in future markets if they come in above or below expected levels.
Analysts' expectations for the USDA production reports have been in a wide range, reflecting difficulty in gauging the status of crops after the severe U.S. drought battered crops last summer. Analysts are still debating how many corn acres were abandoned by farmers last year due to the drought and how much soybean crops benefited from increased rain late in the growing season.
"I've been around this thing a while and I've never seen such wide ranges," said Sid Love, an analyst with advisory firm Kropf & Love Consulting in Overland Park, Kan. "It's such a wide range of estimates that a surprise is likely. The question is, which side is it going to be on?"
Analysts on average expect the USDA's final estimate of the corn harvest to fall 0.9% from its most recent forecast, to 10.626 billion bushels, the smallest harvest since 2006, according to a poll by Dow Jones Newswires.
Analysts on average expect a national corn yield of 122.4 bushels an acre, up slightly from the USDA's previous forecast of 122.3 bushels an acre. It would still mark the lowest corn yield since 1995.
Forecasts by the 22 polled analysts ranged from 10.1 billion to 10.801 billion bushels for total production, and 121 to 123.4 bushels an acre for the crop yield.
For soybeans, analysts on average expect the USDA's harvest estimate to rise 0.9%, to 2.999 billion bushels, with a national yield of 39.6 bushels an acre, up 0.8% from the USDA's previous forecast of 39.3.
Forecasts by 22 analysts ranged from 2.922 billion to 3.104 billion bushels of soybean production, and from 38.6 to 41 bushels an acre for the crop yield.
For soybeans, the analysts' production and yield forecasts would mark the smallest figures since 2008 and 2003, respectively.
Besides production numbers, traders will also watch to see how much the USDA changes its demand forecasts for corn and soybeans. Some expect the USDA to cut its forecast for corn exports in the crop's marketing year that ends Aug. 31, since exports have been slow recently.
Due to weaker demand expectations, analysts on average expect the USDA to raise its forecast for domestic corn inventories at the end of the current marketing year by 3.1% to 667 million bushels.
The average forecast for soybean inventories as of Aug. 31 is 135 million bushels, 3.8% above the USDA's previous forecast.