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Cattle herd freefall continues

Jeff Caldwell 07/26/2010 @ 11:00pm Multimedia Editor for Agriculture.com and Successful Farming magazine.

The decline in U.S. cattle herd numbers continues. Though that's good news for market prices for ranchers, it could lead to a change in consumer habits that could ultimately rob beef of some marketshare, says Purdue University Extension livestock economist Chris Hurt in a recent report.

"The great news is that beef supplies will remain limited in 2010 and 2011. Smaller available supplies mean that consumers will have to pay more for beef and that cattle prices should remain strong well into the future-perhaps for 3 to 5 years," Hurt says.

"The unfortunate side of the story is that other meats are going to absorb some of beef's market share. 2011 pork availability will be up 1% to 2%, especially late in the year. Of course broilers are the ones that will quickly fill the beef and pork shortfall, with a 6% expansion in available supplies per person this year and a further surge of 3% next year."

Hurt says beef cow numbers are 2% lower than they were a year ago, according to USDA data. On top of that, ranchers report retaining 2% fewer heifers. This means beef herd numbers will continue to slip through at least 2011.

Pit those numbers against the trends in the poultry and hog sectors, where expansion is the name of the game, and it could equate to less consumer demand for red meat and poultry, and that's likely to affect beef the most. Add to it the typical slowness of the cattle cycle and it could create an altogether different protein marketplace in the coming years, Hurt says.

"Once supplies are cut sufficiently, consumers have to pay higher prices for meat and poultry. Given these higher prices, consumers will eat less meat and poultry," he says. "If the long period of increasing consumption of meat and poultry has come to an end, the U.S. market will have limited growth potential in coming years. If that is the case, the domestic market may only grow at about the same rate as the U.S. population, which has been somewhat under 1% a year."

Exports could be the key to restoring the market's balance, Hurt adds. But, don't let longer-term outcomes influence your strategy now: The beef market's healthy, and it's time for producers to take advantage of those conditions.

"For the next several years, beef supplies will be small and many people still love beef," Hurt says. "This likely means that beef cow ownership will be financially rewarded."

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