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Brazilian Crops Enter 2017 With Great Potential, Farmers Say

Farmers have nothing to complain about

SAO PAULO, Brazil--Brazil’s soybean planting season has reached 95% completion. And the crop's progress is going great guns.

The figures were released Wednesday by consultancy AgRural, which also revised the volume of Brazilian soy production to 101.8 million tons.

Meanwhile, the National Supply Company (Conab) forecasts the production of 102.45 million tons of soybeans in the current season. For the grain harvest, Conab estimates that 213.1 million tons are harvested, an increase of 14.2% over the 2015/2016 harvest.

The weather has favored the planting of the first crop. "The rainfall has brought relief to farmers and benefited mainly the crops planted later, which are still in the vegetative phase. In the earlier sown areas, however, which were already flowering during the lack of rain, the productive potential may have been harmed, "AgRural says.

The producer Luiz Zuconelli finished planting in the first half of November. At Fazenda Sulina farm, in Diamantina (Mato Grosso), the soybean crop, which occupies 4,340 hectares, is in "excellent" condition, according to the farmer. "Although the beginning of the planting was difficult because there was no rain, the climate is now good and there is no shortage of water. My expectation about productivity is very good, I am very optimistic and I want to reach 58 bags per hectare, "says the producer.

Good weather

With summer influenced by the phenomenon La Niña, weather forecasts indicate that the climate will continue to benefit the development of crops. Meteorologist Alexandre Nascimento of Climatempo says that the situation this year is much better for Brazilian agriculture. "We can have a record in this grain harvest," says Nascimento. "This year is raining for everyone. The expectation could not be better for agriculture, "says the meteorologist.

Producer Rosele Salvati, who has 210 hectares planted with soybeans at Fazenda SS in Cascavel (PR), says he delayed planting in 15 days because of the dry climate. Now, with all the area sown, the crop is in flowering stage and in good condition. "Last year was bad, weather is better now and we expect this season to be better. We producers are optimistic because the prices are good, you can not complain, "says the producer.

The only meteorologist's warning is regarding the harvest in the Midwest. Farmers should be prepared for above-average rains in the coming months. "It should rain more than normal in February and March, coinciding with the soybean harvest and this may bring some difficulty, especially for late soybeans," says Nascimento.

Corn crop

Conab's most recent survey, released Dec. 8, indicates that first-crop maize production is expected to reach 27.7 million tonnes, up 7.3 percent from 2015/2016. In the Center-South, according to AgRural, planting reached 96% of the area in the second week of December.

The area devoted to the second corn crop can reach 11.1 million hectares, which will represent a national record. The numbers belong to AgRural's first estimate of planting intention. "Combined with the productivity trend line, this area results in potential production of 59.9 million tons, which puts Brazil's 2016/2017 total corn production at 88.3 million tons, with a 33% Relation to the 2015/2016 crop ", AgRural states.

Animal feed industry demands grains

The year 2016 was marked by the supply crisis that raised the price of maize in the domestic market and made animal feed more expensive. Scarcity of grains should not be a problem for Brazilian farmers.

For Mariane Crespolini, researcher at Cepea, 2017 will still be a year of challenges for livestock. What will be positive is the signaling for farmers to increase grain production. According to the expert, there is a tendency for corn and soybean production to increase in the 2016/2017 harvest, influenced by high domestic demand. "We imagine that on the cost side of production will be a bit easier in 2017, but the uncertainty will remain for consumption," says Mariane.

According to Francisco Turra, president of the Brazilian Association of Animal Proteins (ABPA), estimates of the 2016/2017 crop in Brazil and other cereal-producing countries are reassuring that the Brazilian market should not be repeated in 2017.

According to him, there is no fear about the lack of inputs such as corn and soybean meal. "We will have corn for domestic supply and export," says Turra.

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Written By Naiara Araújo, Successful Farming-Brazil http://sfagro.uol.com.br/