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Brazil’s Soybean Harvest Reaches 19% Complete

The second corn crop is 27% planted.

The harvest of the 2016/2017 soybeans reached 19% of the planted area. The harvest rate is ahead of the 16% level during the same period last year and ahead of the 12% five-year average, according to a survey by AgRural consultancy, released last Friday.
 
Mato Grosso, the largest state producer, leads the harvest with 44% of the soybean area already harvested. Because of excessive rains in recent weeks, soybeans are being harvested with higher moisture than recommended. However, there is still no significant loss of quality.
 
The harvest is no longer advanced because of the state of Paraná. The second-largest producer of soybeans continues to be delayed in harvest. According to AgRural, Paraná harvested only 13% of the area, much lower than the 30% harvested last year. This is due to weather problems – a colder spring and rains – that have disrupted the harvest.

Corn planting

The Brazilian producer harvests soybeans and then plants the second corn crop. Planting of the second corn crop reached 27% of the estimated area for central and southern Brazil. Planting is a little bit ahead of last year’s 25%. Mato Grosso leads, with 46% vs. 25% last year.
 
But Paraná is late. The state planted only 19% of its corn crop area, behind the 44% completion rate of last year. The number is also less than 26% of the four-year average.
 
In western Parana, the ideal corn-planting window ends at the end of February. Farmers in this region are likely to be able to finish planting the second corn crop in March. “The delay in the harvest of soybean is harming the planting of the second crop of corn,” says AgRural.

Forecast

Despite the delay in Paraná, the soybean harvest continues without major problems in other regions of Brazil. However, forecasts indicate above-average rainfall for this week, which may disrupt the harvest in many states, according to Climatempo.
 
According to Climatempo, in the city of Campo Novo do Parecis in Mato Grosso, some farms recorded rainfall of 320 millimeters (12.6 inches) in just 24 hours. Soybeans and second-crop corn were flooded.

Map of Brazil