Corn and soybean harvest accelerate in past week
The United States Department of Agriculture released its 29th Crop Progress report of the growing season Monday afternoon. These reports run weekly through the end of November and look at the progress and condition of various crops on a national and state-by-state scale.
As of Oct. 16, 94% of the corn crop has reached maturity, ahead of the five-year average of 92%.
Corn harvest has jumped in the past week, with 45% of the harvest complete, compared to 31% in the previous week, and ahead of the five-year average of 40%.
In the top 18 corn-growing states, crop condition was rated 53% good/excellent.
USDA’s report indicates 96% of soybeans are dropping leaves, ahead of the five-year average of 94%.
As of Oct. 16, 63% of the soybean crop has been harvested, well ahead of the five-year average of 52%.
Soybean crop condition was rated 57% good/excellent, just two points over the five-year average.
This week, USDA reports that 69% of winter wheat has been planted, as compared to last week's 55% and the five-year average of 68%.
Winter wheat's emergence is at 38%, behind the five-year average of 44%.
- READ MORE: Harvest yields trial data for next season
TOPSOIL AND SUBSOIL
According to the report, 65% of acres have very short/short topsoil moisture conditions and subsoil moisture conditions.
Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Mike Naig commented today on the Iowa Crop Progress and Condition Report released. “The generally dry conditions statewide have allowed farmers to make steady progress with 74 percent of the soybean harvest and 38 percent of the corn harvest completed,” Naig says. “For the first time since August 2013, all of the state is experiencing some form of abnormal dryness or drought but weather outlooks through the end of month are indicating potential shifts toward wetter conditions and warmer temperatures.”
About the report: Crop progress and condition estimates are based on survey data collected each week from early April through the end of November, according to the USDA. The non-probability crop progress and condition surveys include input from approximately 3,600 respondents whose occupations provide them opportunities to make visual observations and frequently bring them in contact with farmers in their counties. Most respondents complete the questionnaire on Friday or early Monday morning and submit them to the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) field offices in their states by mail, telephone, fax, email, or through a secured internet website. A small number of reports are completed on Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday. Regardless of when questionnaires are completed, respondents are asked to report for the entire week ending on Sunday, according to the Crop Progress Report.