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Good/excellent corn rating drops to 64%, USDA says

The USDA released its 14th Crop Progress report Tuesday afternoon. These reports run weekly through the end of November and look at the progress and condition of various crops on a national and state-by-state scale.

CORN

As of July 3, 7% of corn is silking compared with 11% for the previous five-year average.

The condition of the corn crop was rated 64% good/excellent and 9% poor/very poor. This compares with the previous-year average of 64% good/excellent and 9% poor/very poor. The previous week it was rated 67% good/excellent and 8% poor/very poor.

Corn progress, July 5, 2022

SOYBEANS

The report noted that 96% has emerged compared with 96% for the previous five-year average.

Sixteen percent of soybeans are blooming compared to 22% for the previous five-year average. Soybeans setting pods are at 3% compared to 3% for the previous five-year average.

The condition of the soybean crop was rated 63% good/excellent and 9% poor/very poor. This compares with the previous-year average of 59% good/excellent and1% poor/very poor. The previous week it was rated 65% good/excellent and 8% poor/very poor.

soybean progress, July 5, 2022

WHEAT

Spring wheat headed was reported at 20% compared with 57% for the prior five-year average. The condition of the spring wheat crop was rated 66% good/excellent and 8% poor/very poor. This compares with the previous-year average of 16% good/excellent and 50% poor/very poor. 

"Spring wheat conditions are at 66% good/excellent up 7% from the previous week," says Al Kluis, Kluis Commodity Advisors. "The crop condition numbers should be supportive for corn and soybeans but a little negative for wheat prices tomorrow."

Winter wheat harvested is at 54% compared to the five-year average of 48%. Winter wheat condition was 31% good/excellent and 43% poor/very poor. This compares with the previous-year average of 47% good/excellent and 23% poor/very poor. 

OATS

As of July 3, 67% of oats had headed, compared with 61% for the previous five-year average. Oat condition was 61% good/excellent and 22% poor/very poor. This compares to the previous-year average of 34% good/excellent and 30% poor/very poor.

TOPSOIL

The report also indicated that nationwide, topsoil moisture is rated as 49% adequate and 3% surplus. The previous year was 51% adequate and 8% surplus.

About the report: Crop progress and condition estimates are based on survey data collected each week from early April through the end of November, according to the USDA. The non-probability crop progress and condition surveys include input from approximately 3,600 respondents whose occupations provide them opportunities to make visual observations and frequently bring them in contact with farmers in their counties. Most respondents complete the questionnaire on Friday or early Monday morning and submit them to the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) field offices in their states by mail, telephone, fax, email, or through a secured internet website. A small number of reports are completed on Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday. Regardless of when questionnaires are completed, respondents are asked to report for the entire week ending on Sunday, according to the Crop Progress Report.

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