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Deadlines for farmland leases

These are dates farmers need to know about for lease renewal.

Here are deadlines for lease changes and terminations for key Midwest states:

  • Illinois: four months before the end of the lease. 
  • Indiana: three months before the end of the lease
  • Iowa: September 1
  • Kansas: unless specified by a written contract, leases run March 1 to March 1. Changes to a lease are required to either tenant or landowner at least 30 days prior to March 1. 
  • Michigan: as indicated by terms of the lease document
  • Minnesota: Three months before the end of the lease, or a preset termination date in the lease document
  • Missouri: 60 days before the end of the lease, or as indicated by terms of the lease document
  • Nebraska: Six months in advance of termination date, or a preset termination date in the lease document. 
  • Ohio: an oral agreement to rent farmland is a year-to-year lease that terminates at the end of each year unless the parties agree to an extension. Precedent in Ohio indicates no advance notice of termination is necessary.
  • South Dakota: oral agreements are year-to-year, automatically renewing under the same terms. A landlord must give notice on or before Sept. 1 to terminate, or it will be automatically renewed. If terminated in a timely fashion, the termination date is March 1.
  • Wisconsin: 90 days before the end of the lease

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