Mapping Out Crop Progress in Missouri
Missouri crops have trailed the five-year average for corn and soybeans across the state with a wet spring and delayed planting due to measurable amounts of rainfall throughout the fall season. Farmers have made some progress with harvest before winter frost and snow make their way in the coming months.
Here’s a four-week breakdown of the crops harvested impacted by Missouri weather throughout the month of October.
Week 1: October 1-5
Starting October 1, corn matured progressed to 92%, behind the five-year average at 99%. Corn harvest jumped to 46% across the state according to the October 6 USDA Crop Report, still well behind the 69% five-year average. Corn conditions were rated:
- Very Poor: 5%
- Poor: 17%
- Fair: 33 %
- Good: 39%
- Excellent: 6%
Soybean progress also staggered behind the average at the start of the month. The USDA Crop Progress Report said 91% of soybeans were starting to turn color compared to the five-year average at 94%. Soybeans dropping leaves were at 69% compared with the 81% five-year average. Overall, soybean harvest continued to ramp up this week progressing to 15%. Soybean conditions in Missouri were rated:
- Very Poor: 4%
- Poor: 12%
- Fair: 31%
- Good: 45%
- Excellent: 8%
The first week of October brought between 0.5 and 2.8 inches of rain in the northern half of Missouri. Farmers in the southern part of the state welcomed a dry week in the field with little to no rain while central Missouri experienced 0.02 to 1 inch of rain.
Week 2: October 6-13
On October 13, 97% of the Missouri corn crop had reached maturity compared to the five-year average at 100%, according to the USDA Crop Progress Report. Just 55% of the crop had been harvested, still well-behind the five-year average at 77%. At this time in 2018, 85% of corn was harvested ahead of that time’s five-year average at 74%.
Soybean progress also continued to stagger behind the average pace. The second USDA Crop Progress Report of October said 96% of the soybean crop had turned color, slightly behind the five-year average at 100% at this time. This week, 86% of soybeans had dropped their leaves, behind the five-year average at 90%. Soybeans harvested were at 26%, still well behind the five-year average of 41%. At this week in 2018, 33% of corn had been harvested (behind the five-year average of 44% at that time). Soybean conditions were rated:
- Very Poor: 3%
- Poor: 11%
- Fair: 29%
- Good: 50%
- Excellent: 7%
Week two was a switch in rainfall between the northern and southern halves of Missouri with totals ranging from 2.5 to 0.5 inches in northern counties to 6.5 to 10.5 inches in the southwestern counties of Missouri. Central Missouri also experienced precipitation from 1 to 7 inches across counties.
Week 3: October 13-20
Week three brought a little more progress for harvest in the state of Missouri by October 20. Corn harvested reached 64%, 25% behind last year and still trailing the five-year average at 84%.
Soybean progress continued to lag behind the average crop progress pace. Soybeans dropping leaves progressed to 93%, slightly behind the five-year average at 96%. Soybeans harvested reached 43%, still 5% behind 2018’s pace and the five-year average at 58%. Missouri soybean conditions were rated:
- Very Poor: 3%
- Poor: 10%
- Fair: 29%
- Good: 52%
- Excellent: 6%
Missouri saw less than 1 inch of rain across the state during the third week of October, allowing for more time in the field with 4.5 days of suitable fieldwork available.
Week 4: October 20-27
On October 27, 71% of corn was harvested according to the USDA Crop Progress Report, which still lagged behind the five-year average at 89%. Last year, corn harvest was 92% complete at this time.
Soybeans dropping leaves continued behind the five-year average pace. This week’s report said 97% of the soybean crop was dropping leaves, slightly trailing the five-year average at 99%. The USDA Crop Progress Report showed 54% of the soybean crop had been harvested, well behind the five-year average at 73%. Last year at this time, 64% of Missouri soybeans had been harvested.
More rain fell across the state of Missouri to close out the month of October. More than 3 inches of precipitation were recorded in the southeastern part of the state with totals from 0.2 to 2.5 inches across the rest of the state.