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GRAINS-Corn, wheat sag on firm dollar, concerns over U.S. export demand


CBOT corn hits lowest price since Oct. 19


Soybean futures edge higher


Exporters sell U.S. soy to China, Spain - USDA

(Adds start of U.S. trading, changes byline/dateline, pvs PARIS/SINGAPORE)

By Tom Polansek

CHICAGO, Oct 28 (Reuters) - U.S. grain futures edged lower on Friday as gains in the dollar made commodities priced in the U.S. currency less attractive to importers, analysts said.

The stronger dollar added to concerns about slowing export demand for corn, analysts said, after the U.S. Department of Agriculture reported lower-than-expected weekly corn export sales on Thursday. A firmer dollar makes U.S. commodities more expensive to holders of other currencies.

Chinese purchases of 3.6 million tonnes of U.S. corn as of Oct. 20 are down from 11.9 million and 10.6 million tonnes by the same date in 2021 and 2020, respectively, according to USDA data.

"Export competition continues to be a problem for the corn market," said Tomm Pfitzenmaier, analyst for Summit Commodity Brokerage. "Without decent export demand it will be difficult for rallies in the corn market to go too far."

The most-active corn contract on the Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) was down 2-3/4 cents at at $6.79-1/2 a bushel by 11:15 a.m. CDT (1615 GMT) and touched its lowest price since Oct. 19. CBOT wheat gave up 0.7% to $8.32-3/4 a bushel and reached its lowest price since Sept. 19.

Futures have come under additional pressure as much-needed rain improved conditions for 2022/23 corn and wheat crops in drought-hit Argentina.

However, Argentina's core farming region is likely to produce just 1.34 million tonnes of wheat amid a protracted drought, which would mark an 83% drop versus a bumper crop a year earlier, the Rosario grains exchange said in a report.

CBOT soybean future were slightly firmer, with the most-active contract up 3 cents at $13.96-1/2.

Exporters sold 126,000 tonnes of U.S. soybeans to China and 198,000 tonnes of U.S. soybeans to Spain for delivery during the 2022/23 marketing year, the USDA said. The agency last confirmed sales in its daily reporting system on Oct. 20. (Reporting by Tom Polansek in Chicago, Gus Trompiz in Paris and Naveen Thukral in Singapore; Editing by Sherry Jacob-Phillips, David Evans and Tomasz Janowski)

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