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Rains Fade, Brazil’s Soybean Harvest Speeds Ahead

Second corn crop planting pace remains uncertain.

SAO PAULO, Brazil -- Brazil’s Midwest soybean harvest takes advantage of a break in the rain events to surge ahead.

Last week, rains stopped and producers in the Midwest of Brazil accelerated the harvest of soybeans. The harvest, which was at 0.8% the previous week, jumped to 3.8% by January 25, according to AgRural’s survey. In the same period of the last season, the harvest reached 4.3%, while the average of five years is 2.9%.
 
In the Central-West region of Brazil, Mato Grosso, the largest soybean producing state, harvest is now 13.5%, compared with 2.8% in the previous week. Now the harvest in Mato Grosso is ahead compared with the harvest of 12.4% of the area in the previous soybean crop.
 
In Paraná, the second-largest soybean producing state in southern Brazil, the soybean harvest is still not significant. According to Edimar Gervásio, a technician from the Department of Rural Economy of Paraná (Deral), most of the crops are not yet ready for harvesting, but the crop is considered normal.
 
“The soybean cycle is a little longer because there has been a delay in planting. There are already harvest points in several regions, but has not yet reached 1%,” says Edimar Gervásio in an interview with Successful Farming Brazil. “Historically, we don’t harvest intensively in January. For our state, the harvest is still within normalcy.”
 
According to Deral data, 85% of the crops are in good condition, 14% are considered as average, and 1% are bad. From the total of the soybean fields in Paraná, 6% are in maturation phase, 64% in the fruiting phase, 24% in the flowering phase, and 6% still in the vegetative development phase.
 
According to Gervásio, although there is an estimate of a yield decrease of 6%, a good harvest is expected. “Productivity is lower than last year, but it is within the normal condition that is expected,” he says. “The quality of the harvest we still cannot see, in fact. But in general terms, the crop is moving within normalcy.”
 
According to Deral estimates, producers in Paraná sold 14% of the 2017/2018 harvest. “Prices have declined but are close to the historical average and still bring profitability to the producer.” In the case of the last season, producers of Paraná traded 90%. “The marketing of the 2016/2017 soybean crop is practically finished,” says Gervásio.

Second corn crop

So far, there are no consolidated forecasts for the second corn crop, which is named milho safrinha. “The second corn crop is still unknown. The climate factor can have a significant impact,” says Gervásio.
 
According to Edimar Gervásio, in some municipalities of Paraná, the second corn crop should be planted until February 28. In other areas of the northern region of the state, for example, the maximum deadline for planting second crop corn is until March 31. It is not yet known how the lengthening of the soybean cycle and the climate will impact the second corn crop in Paraná.

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