Strong land prices expected to continue
Stronger than expected prices for good-quality land in the fourth quarter of 2020 are due in part to improving commodity prices, lower interest rates, and lower supply of land, according to Farmers National Company, an Omaha-based landowner services firm.
“Farmers National Company had auction sales in several states during this time when land sold near levels last seen in 2012. In specific instances, prices for good-quality cropland in the heart of the Midwest are up hundreds to thousands of dollars per acre more than anticipated,” says Randy Dickhut, senior vice president of real estate operations at FNC, in a news bulletin FNC distributed this week.
Throughout most of 2020, the farmer incomes were hit hard by trade tariffs, low prices, and other COVID-19-related issues. The land market took it in stride except for hard-hit segments, Dickhut says. Toward the end of the year, however, bullish factors prevailed.
“Values for good cropland are strong right now with more farmers stepping up to buy as well as a growing number of individual investors. Buying interest from farmers has increased as they anticipate a better income year in 2020 than once thought,” Dickhut said.
Higher commodity prices and the historic influx of government payments in 2020 have helped the financial condition of many farmers and therefore their interest in productive land.
Demand for all types of land has also seen an increase. As a result of COVID-19, a growing number of individuals have become interested in land as an investment. An individual might be interested in a rural acreage so they can have a place outside an urban area or it might be cropland if they want a safe, long-term investment. Bottomline, buying interest for land in general is up.
“The overall supply of good cropland for sale is on the low side and is similar to the past few years. Despite the slower ag land market, the dollar amount of land that Farmers National Company is currently selling for its clients is near record levels at $300 million,” Dickhut said.
The New Year will bring a renewed examination of the underlying factors propelling land prices. There will be no large influx of government cash for producers in 2021, but grain prices are significantly higher so that more of net farm income will come from the market. Interest rates continue to be historically low, which supports strong land prices.
Looking ahead, the supply of ag land on the market will not change much as it remains mostly inheritors, estates, and non-operating families who sell. Farm finances will be adequate for another year to avoid an increase in forced sales by lenders. Active demand for good cropland by farmers and investors will continue for now, Dickhut predicted.
In the land market, the same supporting factors that have been keeping ag land values stable the past few years are expected to carry on in 2021. The additional factor driving land prices at the end of 2020 is the stronger demand by both farmers and investors.
“Calls from buyers and sellers come in daily at Farmers National Company. Interest in land and ag land in particular grew in 2020. Looking ahead, if nothing unexpected happens to challenge the current land market, land prices will continue to firm up in 2021,” Dickhut said.