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Brazil’s Soybean Harvest Nears Halfway Point

Biggest soybean-producing state is 85% complete on soybean cutting.

Brazilian producers harvested 48% of the total area planted with soybeans in the 2017/2018 season, until March 8. According to AgRural’s survey, the harvest is behind schedule compared with last year, when the harvest reached 56% in the same period of 2017. But the harvest rate is within the five-year average of 46%.

According to AgRural data, Mato Grosso, the largest soybean producing state, reached 85% of the area harvested. Paraná, the second-largest state producer, has already harvested 49% of the area planted with soybeans. Rio Grande do Sul, however, traditionally harvests soybeans later and the harvest hasn’t yet reached 1% of the area planted in this harvest.


Soybean harvest by state

Mato Grosso - 85%

Goiás - 75%

Rondônia - 75%

Mato Grosso do Sul - 69%


Paraná - 49%

Minas Gerais - 38%

Pará - 16%

Santa Catarina - 12%

Maranhão - 10%

Tocantins - 9%

Bahia - 8%

Piauí - 6%

Source: AgRural


Planting of the corn "safrinha"

After harvesting the first soybean crop, Brazilian farmers traditionally sow the second corn crop or winter crops such as wheat and barley (in southern Brazil).

According to the AgRural survey, planting of second crop corn, known as corn safrinha, reached 81% of the estimated area for the 2017/2018 season. “With the soybean harvesting going well, the weather helped and the planting of the second corn crop had another week of rapid progress,” AgRural said. Planting of the second corn crop was 88% in the same period of 2017 and 81% in the average of five years.

Now the attention of the Brazilian producer turns to the second corn crop. The state of Mato Grosso has already sown 95% of the estimated area. “The decrease in rainfall in the last two weeks is already worrying some of the state producers, but for now the lack of moisture in the [corn] crops is punctual and still doesn’t threaten the productive potential,” AgRural says.

Planting of the second corn crop reached 89% of the area in the state of São Paulo, 83% in Minas Gerais, 76% in Goiás, 74% in Paraná, and 55% in Mato Grosso do Sul.


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