Corn and soybean harvest is virtually complete
The U.S. corn and soybean harvests are virtually complete in several major producing states, according to the USDA weekly Crop Progress report released Monday.
It also shows winter wheat emergence at a normal pace, with the crop’s condition little changed from a week ago.
As of Sunday, 95% of the U.S. corn was harvested vs. an 87% five-year average. Among Corn Belt states, Illinois leads with 99% of the crop picked. Indiana lags a bit, with 93% run through the combine.
The Iowa corn crop, as of Nov. 15, 2020, is 97% complete. Ohio is furthest behind. Farmers there are only 79% finished vs. an 84% five-year average.
As of Sunday, 96% of the U.S. soybean crop had been cut, above a 93% five-year average. Five states are 100% harvested: Louisiana, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota and South Dakota.
In its report Monday, the USDA rated the U.S. winter wheat crop as 85% emerged vs. a 84% five-year average. The crop is rated as 46% good/excellent vs. 45% a week ago.
Crop progress and condition estimates are based on survey data collected each week from early April through the end of November, according to the USDA report. “The non-probability crop progress and condition surveys include input from approximately 3,600 respondents whose occupations provide them opportunities to make visual observations and frequently bring them in contact with farmers in their counties. Based on standard definitions, these respondents subjectively estimate the progress of crops through various stages of development, as well as the progress of producer activities. They also provide subjective evaluations of crop conditions,” the USDA stated in its Monday report.
Most respondents complete their questionnaires on Friday or early Monday morning and submit them to the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) field offices in their states by mail, telephone, fax, email, or through a secured internet website. A small number of reports are completed on Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday. Regardless of when questionnaires are completed, respondents are asked to report for the entire week ending on Sunday, according to the report.