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Soybean harvest 80% complete, USDA says

The United States Department of Agriculture released its 30th Crop Progress report of the growing season Monday afternoon. These reports run weekly through the end of November and look at the progress and condition of various crops on a national and state-by-state scale.


As of Oct. 23, 97% of the corn crop has reached maturity, right on track with the five-year average.

Corn harvest leapt over 15 points from last week to 61% complete. The five-year average for this point in the season is 52%.

Map of the 2022 corn harvest progress as of 10-23-22.


As of Oct. 23, soybean harvest is 80% complete, well ahead of the five-year average of 67%.

Map of the 2022 soybean harvest progress as of 10-23-22.


This week, USDA reports 79% of winter wheat has been planted. This is up 10% from last week and slightly ahead the five-year average of 78%.

Winter wheat's emergence is at 49%, behind the five-year average of 56%.

Top Soil Moisture 

According to USDA, 68% of the top soil in the 48 continental states is short or very short of moisture. This is up from 65% the week before. 

Subsoil moisture is also declining, with 66% short or very short. 

About the report: Crop progress and condition estimates are based on survey data collected each week from early April through the end of November, according to the USDA. The non-probability crop progress and condition surveys include input from approximately 3,600 respondents whose occupations provide them opportunities to make visual observations and frequently bring them in contact with farmers in their counties. Most respondents complete the questionnaire on Friday or early Monday morning and submit them to the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) field offices in their states by mail, telephone, fax, email, or through a secured internet website. A small number of reports are completed on Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday. Regardless of when questionnaires are completed, respondents are asked to report for the entire week ending on Sunday, according to the Crop Progress Report.

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