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Corn harvest is more than 75% complete in six states

Six top corn growing states are nearing the end of harvest with more than 75% of their respective corn crop out of fields. Monday’s Crop Progress Report showed there’s less than 25% of harvest to go in North Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Kentucky, Kansas, and Missouri.

North Carolina

North Carolina farmers are tied with growers in Tennessee for having the most corn harvested. USDA reported 94% of corn in the Tar Heel State is out of the field on Monday. That’s slightly behind last year’s pace of 96% and the five-year average of 95%.

Kevin Matthews farms in East Bend, North Carolina, and estimates 70% of his corn has been harvested. Until Wednesday morning when misting rain moved into the area, weather was favorable for quick progress in the fields, he says.

“In the areas that got rain this year, we’re very pleased with what we’re seeing,” Matthews says. “In areas that missed out, we’re happy to get what we’ve got.” He adds other parts of the state have been less fortunate with precipitation. The U.S. Drought Monitor reported moderate and severe drought in the western half of North Carolina during much of the growing season.

Although Matthews’ farm is behind the state average for corn harvest, he estimates his soybean harvest is about four weeks ahead of most of his neighbors. “We do things a little differently around here,” Matthews says. “Because we desiccate, we hope to be done with beans next week.” Most North Carolina farmers aim to wrap up soybean harvest by Thanksgiving or Dec. 1.

USDA says statewide soybean harvest is 38% complete. That’s ahead of last year at this time, when 27% of North Carolina soybeans were out of the field. The five-year average is 29%.

Matthews began planting winter wheat early this week and expects to see it emerge by next week. USDA reported wheat planting was 24% complete across the state the week ending Oct. 23. That’s ahead of last year’s pace of 21% and the five-year average of 19%.

The Crop Progress Report said 8% of North Carolina winter wheat had emerged the week ending Oct. 23. That’s slightly ahead of the 7% five-year average.

Tennessee

Tennessee farmers have also harvested 94% of their corn crop. That’s ahead of last year’s pace of 85% and slightly ahead of the 92% five-year average.

USDA reported 6.8 days were suitable for fieldwork the week ending Oct. 23 allowing for significant harvest progress.

Soybean harvest is 61% complete, up from 46% last week. At this time last year, 42% of soybeans were out of the field. The five-year average is 52%.

Texas

Corn harvest is 93% complete in Texas. Last year at this time 93% of the crop was out of the field. The five-year average is 86%.

Winter wheat planted reached 75%, up 4% from last year at this time. Winter wheat emerged reached 46%, down 1% from last year. Drought conditions around the state, up to D4 exceptional drought in south central Texas, the Plains, and the Blacklands are challenging wheat farmers.

Kentucky

Kentucky farmers have harvested 85% of their corn crop. Last year at this time 77% of Kentucky corn was out of the field. The five-year average is 84%.

Soybean harvest is 60% complete in Kentucky, up from 48% last week. Last year at this time 45% of the state’s soybeans were out of the field. The five-year average is 50%.

Soybeans that remain were rated 5% very poor, 14% poor, 34% fair, 39% good, and 8% excellent in Monday’s Crop Progress Report.

“The state continues to be in a moderate to severe drought,” writes David Knopf, director of NASS’ Kentucky Field Office. “Although these conditions are conducive to field work, the persistently dry conditions are taking a toll. Farmers are contending with insufferable dust and fires in some instances. Grain moisture in soybeans is very low leading to harvest loss. There is a good deal of worry for both corn and soybean yields overall. A main grain barge in the state is unable to transport due to extremely low water levels. Producers with on-farm storage have shifted focus in hopes that rain will come and help resolve the issue.”

Farmers made progress seeding winter wheat with 44% of the crop in the ground the week ending Oct. 23. That’s up from 27% the week prior. Last year at this time 34% of Kentucky winter wheat had been planted. The five-year average is 41%.

“Winter wheat seeding is moving forward, however some that was previously planted needs rain to emerge,” added Knopf. “Many producers are beginning to fear that wheat will not receive enough moisture to germinate.”

Map of Kentucky drought conditions
Photo credit: U.S. Drought Monitor

Kansas

Corn harvest for grain is 83% complete in Kansas, equal to last year’s pace. The five-year average is 74%.

Kansas soybean harvest is 66% complete, ahead of 55% last year and the 52% five-year average.

Winter wheat planting is 76% complete, behind 83% last year and the five-year average of 79%. Emergence is behind in the drought plagued state. Crop Progress Report indicated 46% of the winter wheat crop had emerged, behind 57% last year and the five-year average of 56%.

Missouri

Missouri corn farmers have harvested 78% of their crop, compared to the five-year average of 73%. Last year at this time 80% of Missouri corn was out of the fields.

Soybean harvest is 59% complete, compared to the five-year average of 42%. Soybeans that remain were rated 5% very poor, 10% poor, 26% fair, 52% good, and 7% excellent.

Winter wheat planted is 51%, compared to the five-year average of 44%. At 18%, winter wheat emergence is behind the five-year average of 25% and last year’s pace of 28% emerged.
 

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