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The Corn Belt’s harvest remains ahead of schedule, USDA reports

Iowa’s soybean cutting is 13 points ahead of its average.

While less than 40% of the U.S. corn crop is left in the field, less than one-third of the soybeans are left to be cut.

Despite some rain delays, the nation’s corn harvest is speeding along, while soybean cutting is slightly above average, according to the USDA Crop Progress Report.


As of Sunday, the USDA pegged the U.S. corn harvest at 66% complete vs. a 53% five-year average.

The corn harvest in Illinois is 78% complete vs. its 72% five-year average. In Iowa, farmers have picked 60% of the crop, way ahead of its 44% five-year average. In Nebraska, corn farmers are 60% finished, above a five-year average of 47%.



As of Sunday, the USDA rated the nation’s soybean harvest at 73% complete vs. a 70% five-year average. 

In Iowa, the cutting of soybeans is 83% finished vs. a 70% five-year average. In Illinois, the farmers are 68% finished vs. a 77% five-year average. In Nebraska, the soybean crop is 88% harvested vs. a 77% five-year average.



In its report Monday, the USDA rated the U.S. winter wheat crop as 80% planted vs. a 80% five-year average.

The winter wheat crop condition rating is pegged at 46% good/excellent.

Crop progress and condition estimates are based on survey data collected each week from early April through the end of November, according to the USDA report. “The non-probability crop progress and condition surveys include input from approximately 3,600 respondents whose occupations provide them opportunities to make visual observations and frequently bring them in contact with farmers in their counties. Based on standard definitions, these respondents subjectively estimate the progress of crops through various stages of development, as well as the progress of producer activities. They also provide subjective evaluations of crop conditions,” the USDA stated in its Monday report.

Most respondents complete their questionnaires on Friday or early Monday morning and submit them to the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) field offices in their states by mail, telephone, fax, email, or through a secured internet website. A small number of reports are completed on Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday. Regardless of when questionnaires are completed, respondents are asked to report for the entire week ending on Sunday, according to the report.

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