The sun is setting on another U.S. harvest season, USDA data shows
Within a week, the U.S. corn and soybean harvests could be all over, according to the USDA.
Meanwhile, winter wheat crops are over three-quarters emerged.
As of Sunday, 91% of the U.S. corn was picked vs. a 80% five-year average. In Illinois, 95% of the crop has been harvested. The USDA rated the Nebraska corn harvest at 93% complete.
The Iowa corn crop, as of Nov. 8, 2020, is 94%. On the other side of the spectrum, Ohio farmers are only 64% finished vs. a 76% five-year average.
As of Sunday, 92% of the U.S. soybean crop had been cut, above a 90% five-year average.
In its report Monday, the USDA rated the U.S. winter wheat crop as 79% emerged vs. a 78% five-year average. The crop is rated as 45% good/excellent vs. 43% a week ago.
Crop progress and condition estimates are based on survey data collected each week from early April through the end of November, according to the USDA report. “The non-probability crop progress and condition surveys include input from approximately 3,600 respondents whose occupations provide them opportunities to make visual observations and frequently bring them in contact with farmers in their counties. Based on standard definitions, these respondents subjectively estimate the progress of crops through various stages of development, as well as the progress of producer activities. They also provide subjective evaluations of crop conditions,” the USDA stated in its Monday report.
Most respondents complete their questionnaires on Friday or early Monday morning and submit them to the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) field offices in their states by mail, telephone, fax, email, or through a secured internet website. A small number of reports are completed on Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday. Regardless of when questionnaires are completed, respondents are asked to report for the entire week ending on Sunday, according to the report.
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