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The U.S. corn, soybean harvest season nears completion, USDA reports

The soybean harvest is slightly behind its average pace.

U.S. farmers have less than 20% of the corn and soybean crops left in the fields.

The nation’s corn harvest pace picked up by 10% vs. a week ago, while soybean cutting is slightly ahead of its average, according to the USDA Crop Progress Report.


As of Sunday, the USDA pegged the U.S. corn harvest at 84% complete vs. a 78% five-year average.

The corn harvest in Indiana is 75% complete vs. its 79% five-year average. In Iowa, farmers have picked 84% of the crop, way ahead of its 71% five-year average. In Nebraska, corn farmers are 82% finished, above a five-year average of 78%.

Corn map


As of Sunday, the USDA rated the nation’s soybean harvest at 87% complete vs. a 88% five-year average. 

In Indiana, the cutting of soybeans is 77% finished vs. a 89% five-year average. In Illinois, farmers are 85% finished vs. a 92% five-year average.

Soybean map


In its report Monday, the USDA rated the U.S. winter wheat condition at 45% good/excellent vs. 45% a week ago.

Crop progress and condition estimates are based on survey data collected each week from early April through the end of November, according to the USDA report. “The non-probability crop progress and condition surveys include input from approximately 3,600 respondents whose occupations provide them opportunities to make visual observations and frequently bring them in contact with farmers in their counties. Based on standard definitions, these respondents subjectively estimate the progress of crops through various stages of development, as well as the progress of producer activities. They also provide subjective evaluations of crop conditions,” the USDA stated in its Monday report.

Most respondents complete their questionnaires on Friday or early Monday morning and submit them to the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) field offices in their states by mail, telephone, fax, email, or through a secured internet website. A small number of reports are completed on Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday. Regardless of when questionnaires are completed, respondents are asked to report for the entire week ending on Sunday, according to the report.

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