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U.S. Corn, Soybean Harvests Fall Below Averages

Crops’ Good/Excellent Ratings Stay Up.

DES MOINES, Iowa -- On Monday, the USDA indicated that the U.S. corn and soybean harvests are running below their average paces.

In its weekly Crop Progress Report, the USDA pegged the corn harvest as 9% complete vs. the 12% five-year average. The soybean harvest is 4% complete compared with a 5% five-year average for this time of the year.

For corn, the crop is rated at 74% good/excellent, equal to a week ago. Also, 93% of the nation’s corn has reached the dented stage vs. a 91% five-year average; 53% of the corn is considered mature, compared with a 48% five-year average.

For soybeans, 73% of the crop is rated good/excellent, equal to a week ago. USDA pegged the nation’s soybean crop as 46% dropping leaves, compared with 43% five-year average.

Al Kluis, Kluis Commodities, says that today’s report is slightly friendly for tonight’s farm markets.

Corn harvest is lagging behind normal in the central Corn Belt because of the very wet conditions. Very few soybeans have been harvested in the central Corn Belt. “It has just been too wet,” Kluis stated in a comment to customers.

“Today’s report is a little positive for prices tonight. I expect corn to start out unchanged to 1¢ higher. The report is slightly positive for soybean prices. I look for soybeans to be 1¢ to 2¢ higher tonight based on this news,” Kluis stated.

USDA pegged the U.S. spring wheat harvest as 98% finished. Winter wheat plantings are 17% complete vs. a 16% five-year average.

USDA crop progress and condition estimates are based on survey data collected each week from early April through the end of November. The nonprobability crop progress and condition surveys include input from approximately 4,000 respondents whose occupations provide them opportunities to make visual observations and frequently bring them in contact with farmers in their counties.

Based on standard definitions, these respondents subjectively estimate the progress of crops through various stages of development, as well as the progress of producer activities. They also provide subjective evaluations of crop conditions.

In the map below, you can see which states are ahead of the national corn harvest percentage (shown in green) and which ones are behind (shown in red). To see the numbers for each state, view the full map here.

Corn harvest

This soybean harvest map shows the same statistics. Click here to see the numbers for each state.

Soybean harvest

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