U.S. soybean harvest speeds ahead, USDA data shows

Iowa's farmers have switched their combine heads to cut soybeans.

U.S. farmers have cut more soybeans than they have picked corn, according to the USDA.

Meanwhile, the crop ratings have improved, since last week's report.


In its report, the USDA’s estimate of corn with a good/excellent rating is 62%, vs. a 61% a week ago.

As of Sunday, 25% of the U.S. corn was harvested vs. a 24% five-year average. In Illinois, 26% of the crop has been picked vs. an 11% five-year average. The USDA rated the Nebraska corn harvest at 10% complete vs. a 4% five-year average.

The Iowa corn crop, as of Oct. 4, 2020, is 25% vs. a 10% five-year average.

The USDA has pegged the U.S. corn as 87% mature, above a 78% five-year average. 



USDA rated 85% of the U.S. soybean crop is dropping leaves vs. a 82% five-year average.

In its report, the USDA estimates the soybean good/excellent rating at 64%, equal to a week ago.

As of Sunday, 38% of the U.S. soybean crop had been cut, above a 28% five-year average. 

In Iowa, 55% of the soybean crop is out of the fields, compared with a 20% five-year average. For Nebraska, 55% of the soybeans have been cut, vs. a 25% five-year average.

In Illinois, 30% of the soybeans have been harvested, compared with a 33% five-year average.



In its report Monday, the USDA rated the U.S. winter wheat crop as 52% planted vs. a 47% five-year average.

Crop progress and condition estimates are based on survey data collected each week from early April through the end of November, according to the USDA report. “The non-probability crop progress and condition surveys include input from approximately 3,600 respondents whose occupations provide them opportunities to make visual observations and frequently bring them in contact with farmers in their counties. Based on standard definitions, these respondents subjectively estimate the progress of crops through various stages of development, as well as the progress of producer activities. They also provide subjective evaluations of crop conditions,” the USDA stated in its Monday report.

Most respondents complete their questionnaires on Friday or early Monday morning and submit them to the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) field offices in their states by mail, telephone, fax, email, or through a secured internet website. A small number of reports are completed on Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday. Regardless of when questionnaires are completed, respondents are asked to report for the entire week ending on Sunday, according to the report.

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