Sediment Filtration For Well Water

Drinking water from a well is supposed to be crystal-clear and not crunchy. If the water is cloudy or you see grit accumulating on the bottom of your glass, you may need a sediment filtration system.

Bruce Dvorak is an Extension environmental engineering specialist at the University of Nebraska. He says sediment coming up from a well could be due to several things – the way the well was built, the local aquifer, or residue working itself out of a newly-constructed well.

A sediment filter traps many types of particulates as the water flows through it.

"This could be something like flour sand, fine clay particles that are moving through the ground, or possibly if there’s some iron or manganese that has formed small particles, it should be able to remove those," he says. "It’s not going to be able remove nitrate, it will not remove, say, pesticides or organic chemicals that are in the water."

Have your water tested and know what you’re trying to remove before buying one of these units. Most filters are rated according to the smallest particle they can trap.

Dvorak says where to install a sediment filter depends on the need of the home.

"Some individuals who are concerned about all of the water in the house may put it in at the point of entry of the water into the house, maybe it’s in the basement. So have all of the water flow through that filter. Other individuals may find I don’t need to have all of my water treated, I’m just worried about the water to the kitchen," he says. "In that case, they put it under the sink in the kitchen.

Keep in mind the filter medium has to eventually be cleaned or replaced.

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