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Illinois soybean harvest begins; corn condition plunges to 11% very poor/poor

More than 65% of Illinois is free of moisture stress.

Just two of Illinois’ 102 counties have USDA disaster designations. So far, 2022 has been the 47th wettest year on state record.

D1 (moderate drought) jumped to cover more than 8% of the state this week, with expanded acreage in southern Illinois. Row crops and pastures are showing drought stress, and wildlife is eating more crops, the National Drought Mitigation Center reported Thursday.

D0 (Abnormally dry) conditions span more than 26% of the state, from west-central to northeast Illinois, with an additional pocket in the southern part of the state. This total is up about 2.5% from the previous week.

More than 65% of the state is free of moisture stress.

The latest Crop Progress Report rated topsoil moisture supply 11% very short, 10% short, 64% adequate, and 15% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 12% very short, 21% short, 66% adequate, and 1% surplus.

Map of Illinois drought conditions
Photo credit: U.S. Drought Monitor

Illinois Corn Crop

Illinois corn dough progressed 4% in the last week to 96% and remains behind the five-year average of 99%.

Corn dented surged 20% in the last week to 97%, jumping ahead of the 94% five-year average.

Corn matured rapidly last week, jumping to 81% after being reported at 27% the week prior. The five-year average for this time of year is 66%.

Significant harvest progress brought corn harvested for grain to 20%, a big jump from 2% the week prior. The five-year average is 16%.

Corn condition in Illinois plunged to 5% very poor, 6% poor, 20% fair, 53% good, and 16% excellent.

Illinois Soybean Crop

Illinois soybeans setting pods progressed 3% from the week prior to 96% in the latest Crop Progress Report. The five-year average is 98%.

Soybeans dropping leaves jumped from 41% to 64%, ahead of the 57% five-year average.

Soybean harvest has officially begun in Illinois. Harvest is 9% complete, slightly behind the five-year average of 10%.

Soybean condition in the state fell slightly to 5% very poor, 6% poor, 23% fair, 51% good, and 15% excellent.

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