Wetter weather means slower harvest in Brazil
Substantial rain fell across southern Brazil and northern Argentina in the final days of January and into early February 2021. However, we are once again seeing a shift in the precipitation pattern in South America as areas that received recent heavy rains dry out, while wetter trends shift farther north across Brazil. Wetter weather in the northern growing regions of Brazil will slow down harvest and planting activities.
According to data from Weathertrends360, the week-ending February 4, 2021 was one of the wettest such periods of the past 30 years for the Argentina state of Córdoba, and into southern Brazil including the states of Rio Grande do Sul and Paraná. Wetter weather improved soil moisture conditions across southern Brazil.
Meanwhile, substantially drier weather could be found across the Brazilian states of Minas Gerais, São Paulo, and Mato Grosso where this was one of the driest starts to February in 30 years. Drier weather across these states should have been favorable for soybean harvest, although wetter weather farther north across northern Goiás and into Bahia will have stalled harvest and, subsequently, Safrinha planting.
As we look ahead to the week ending February 11, 2021, Weathertrends360 predicts that a drier weather pattern settles back in across southern Brazil and northeastern Argentina while wetter-than-normal weather shifts north across eastern São Paulo, Minas Gerias, Goiás, and Mato Grosso. In southern Brazil, this will be one of the driest early- to mid-February periods in over 30 years, which may aid early harvest activities in this region of Brazil.
Concerns for drier soils lie farther south in Argentina where substantial rains did not materialize in January like they did for southern Brazil, so soil moistures in this region will quickly become depleted. Meanwhile, a return of much wetter weather farther north in Brazil will cause delays for soybean harvest and Safrinha planting, which could affect yields further down the line.
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